gattegno buddhism and critical theory..ah well…

Gattegno maintained there were 4 stages in learning:

1. there is something to be explored

2. the exploration of this ‘field’

3. practice in this field leading to mastery

4. transfer of this knowledge to wider fields

The Four Noble Truths of Gotama Buddha, the cattari ariyasaccani are:

1. an unsatisfactory state exists

2. how this ‘suffering’ arises

3. how to end this ‘suffering’

4. the means by which this ‘suffering’ can be eliminated

In his book ‘The Idea of a Critical Theory’, Raymond Geuss describes a typical critical theory as being ‘ a transition from an initial state of bondage, delusion and frustration to a final state of freedom, knowledge and satisfaction.’ Further, he defines a typical critical theory as consisting of three parts:

1. the belief that a transition from the initial state to the final state is in fact possible

2. the demonstration that this is in fact necessary

3. this transition can come about if one follows the particular tenets of that critical theory.

Well, at least, Gattegno, the Buddha and Raymond Geuss have in common the idea that…


but it is clearly not going to be a push-over

huatou: is it possible to change?


we learn through awarenesses…

I was in my greenhouse this morning and thought I would plant some cucumber, melon and gherkin seeds in a root trainer:


I had to fill them with potting compost first. I started filling them but quickly realised I had to pack the compost down considerably into the individual trainers before they’d be suitable for planting. When I had filled them to my satisfaction the whole 32 section unit was very scruffy looking so I tried to brush the excess off. A soft brush was no good so I had to hunt down a hard hand brush. This did the job a treat. I was pleased. I now had a good idea of what was required. I had learnt something. Next time will be quicker…

Simply, I became aware of what was necessary to accomplish this (easy) task.

Look at my chilli plants:


Coming on, but the weather…

Coming back up the garden, feeling pleased, I was unaware of this rope:


and tripped…c’est la vie…


awareness 1 an atom of education…

Caleb Gattegno never tired of saying that only awareness is educable. He said that all learning occurs due to one becoming aware of factors relating to the field of study one is engaged in. It may be one awareness or it may be a series of awarenesses.

Roslyn Young, in ‘How we Learn and How we should be Taught’, says:

‘This means that the awareness becomes the conceptual unit of learning. The awareness is to education what the atom is to chemistry.’

huatou: awareness is an atom of learning